He frowned

Question 355, The Enlightening Answer across the Ether – volume 6; Blind man of Surah Abasa

Question: In the Name of Allah, Prayers for the Prophet Muhammad and his family
After reviewing the most prestigious interpretations of Surah “Abasa” (He frowned) I did not find a satisfactory explanation enough not to be tainted by suspicion and mistrust and (non) appreciation, so we are asking you this. And Salam.
Sender : Arrachidi Yassir- Morocco.

Answer:
In the name of Allah The Merciful The Most Merciful Answer
May Allah helps you in all that is good. If you were meaning who frowned in the verse:
“He frowned and turned away , Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting], But what would make you perceive, that perhaps he might be purified, Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?, As for he who thinks himself without need, To him you give attention, And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified, But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge], While he fears [ Allah ], From him you are distracted.” The Holy Qur’an Surah Abasa: 1-10

He frowned: The one who frowned is Uthman Ibn Affan. He was in the house of Rassoul Allah (sawas) and Ibn Oum Maktoum the blind man came, and Rassoul Allah (sawas.) gave him priority in front of Uthman and came close to him to speak with him (with the blind man), and then Uthman frowned and turned away from the blind man with arrogance like Allah swt said: “Hefrowned and turned away , Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting], But what would make you perceive, that perhaps he might be purified, Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?”

And then Allah swt. showed Uthman what he did bad and how he involved himself in arrogance, that when it comes above a person that has good position and money, he gives him attention even if he was from the opponents of the Call of Rassoul Allah (sawas) and arrogant to the Messenger of Allah and without that somebody asks him that : “As for he who thinks himself without need, To him you give attention, And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified”

And Allah swt. clarified to Uthman and his example and the ones who act like he did, that you must first evaluate the person on the basis of the request of the right and on the basis of the fear of Allah, not on the basis of merit and prestige and possessions : “But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge], While he fears [ Allah ], From him you are distracted” , and Ibn Oum Maktoum, despite of his blindness, came to this blessed Council which is the Council of Rassoul Allah (sawas) and the Council of Muslims. So, Uthman, you supposed to rejoice him, you supposed to give him the priority instead of yourself, because he is a blind man, and not to frown in his face and to turn away from him, because Rassoul Allah (sawas) gave him the priority.
This is the summary of the meaning of these verses.
May Peace of Allah be upon you and His Mercy and Blessings
Ahmed Alhasan احمد الحسن
Muharram Al Haram 1432

 


الجواب المنير عبر الاثير
السؤال/ 533: بسم الله، والصلاة على سيدنا محمد وآله.
بعد الإطلاع على أغلب التفاسير المعتبرة لم أجد تفسيراً شافياً وكافياً لا يشوبه الريب والظن والتقدير لسورة (عبس)، لذا نلتمسه منكم.
والسلام. المرسل: الشرادي ياسر – المغرب

الجواب: بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
والحمد لله رب العالمين، وصلى الله على محمد وآل محمد الأئمة والمهديين وسلم تسليماً.

وفقكم الله لكل خير، إن كنت تقصد من هو الذي عبس في قوله تعالى: ﴿عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّى , أَن جَاءهُ الْأَعْمَى , وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُ يَزَّكَّى , أَوْ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ الذِّكْرَى , أَمَّا مَنِ اسْتَغْنَى , فَأَنتَ لَهُ تَصَدَّى, وَمَا عَلَيْكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّى , وَأَمَّا مَن جَاءكَ يَسْعَى , وَهُوَ يَخْشَى , فَأَنتَ عَنْهُ تَلَهَّى﴾([1])، عبس: فالذي عبس هو عثمان بن عفان، فقد كان عند رسول الله وجاء ابن أم مكتوم الأعمى فقدمه رسول الله على عثمان وقربه يحادثه فعبس عثمان وتولى عنه تكبراً على هذا الأعمى كما أخبر تعالى: ﴿عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّى , أَن جَاءهُ الْأَعْمَى , وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُ يَزَّكَّى , أَوْ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ الذِّكْرَى﴾.

ثم بيَّن الله لعثمان سوء فعلته وما انطوت عليه نفسه من التكبر، بأنه عندما يأتي فيما سبق شخص له جاه ومكانه يتصدى له حتى لو كان من المعرضين عن دعوة رسول الله والمتكبرين على رسول الله ودون أن يطلب أحد منه هذا: ﴿أَمَّا مَنِ اسْتَغْنَى , فَأَنتَ لَهُ تَصَدَّى , وَمَا عَلَيْكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّى﴾.

وبيَّن الله لعثمان بن عفان ولمن هم مثله ويتصرفون كتصرفه أن الأولى بكم أن تقيّموا الإنسان على أساس طلبه للحق وعلى أساس خوفه من الله لا على أساس جاهه ومكانته وما يملك ﴿وَأَمَّا مَن جَاءكَ يَسْعَى , وَهُوَ يَخْشَى, فَأَنتَ عَنْهُ تَلَهَّى﴾، فابن أم مكتوم رغم عماه جاء يسعى إلى هذا المجلس المبارك والذي هو مجلس رسول الله ومجلس المسلمين فالمفروض أن تفرح يا عثمان به، والمفروض أن تقدمه أنت على نفسك؛ لأنه إنسان أعمى، لا أن تعبس في وجهه وتتولى عنه؛ لأن رسول الله قدّمه.

هذا مختصر لمعنى هذه الآيات.
والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته.

أحمد الحسن
محرم الحرام/ 1432 هـ
http://almahdyoon.org/bayanat-sayed/36-maktaba/kotob-alimam-ahmad-alhassan/10137-aljawabalmonir6

 

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