Why does Allah speak in plural form in the Quran?

Question: Why does Allah speak in plural form in the Quran?
“Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree” [97:1].
“And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful” [2:23].
“And We have certainly established you upon the earth and made for you therein ways of livelihood. Little are you grateful” [7:10].

Answer: In the Name of Allah the Merciful, the Intensely Merciful
and Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds and his prayers be upon Muhammad and his family the Imams and Mahdies.

May Allah grant you success to all that is good and strengthens your steps and make you among those whom He grants victory to His religion through them.

Know, may Allah grant you success, that Allah has workers whom He favors upon them and uses them to accomplish His message to the prophets and messengers and whatever He wants to be in this materialistic world. The workers of Allah are from His creation whether they were from the angels or human beings, Allah swt mentions them and associates them with Himself -even though they work by His Might, Power and Command- generously and as a favor from Him swt upon them, and because He is the Generous who gives more in exchange of less.

And peace, blessing and mercy of Allah upon you.

Ahmed Alhasan
Rabi Al-Awwal/ 1431 H


From the book The Book of Monotheism – Interpretation of Surah Tawheed


And let us take the example of the Wahhabi doctrine or those who have named themselves Salafi, those consider the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh & his progeny) as merely a conveyor of the Words of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. As for the soul of Muhammad (pbuh & his family) and his reality/truth; [they believe that his soul and his truth/reality) do not harm nor benefit during his life in this worldly life, or after he moved to the Higher Assembly (Kingdoms of Heaven). And the belief that he does harm or benefit or intercede or know or… or… with them this is outright Shirk [association with Allah] and regression from Islam (apostasy), until this matter has led them towards ignorances with which they have violated the provisions and the requirements of Islam and the Qur’an. Thus, they have made Halal (permissible) the killing of he whom says ‘La Illaha Illa Allah Muhammad Rasoul Allah (There is no God Except for Allah [and] Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah), merely because of his belief that the Soul of the Messenger (pbuh & his family) [has the ability] to harm or benefit or intercede or… or… after he has moved from this Worldly Life, by the Permission of Allah, and by Allah’s, the Glorious, the Almighty, Ability/Power and Strength, even though the Dhimmi (one of the people of Dhimma, or non-Muslim (Christian or Jew) subject of a Muslim state) whose religion is Christianity or Judaism and lives in a Muslim Country, and maintains the conditions of Dhimma, it is not permissible to kill him, and his blood is respected with all Muslims, but rather with them as well.

And the truth which is overlooked by them is that the benefit and the harm and the intercession and the ability to affect in this Worldly life, in general , is related to Life and the permission of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. And since Life is absolutely confirmed [to be constant] for the Prophets and the Vicegerents and the Messengers (pbut); for verily, they are the Masters of the Martyrs upon the Creation and they are from among those whom were killed in the way of Allah. Said the Almighty: {And never think of those who have been killed in the cause of Allah as dead. Rather, they are alive with their Lord, receiving sustenance,} {The Holy Qur’an Surat ‘Āli `Imrān (Family of Imran): 169}.

And whoever says that they are not alive with their Lord receiving sustenance, this means that he is accusing the Prophets and the Vicegerents, because [how can he say that the prophets and vicegerents are not alive with their Lord?] when he admits that the one whom is killed under their banner is alive with his Lord, and they (pbut) are the Leaders and the Owners of the Banner?!

So life for the Prophets and the Vicegerents is constant with their Lord, and therefore, the Ability is constant, for verily, the effect of the Soul which shines with the Light of its Lord upon this Physical World is very little, because it is from a World dominant over this World, therefore, what only remains is the permission from Allah for them to affect, and Allah, the Glorious, said: {And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken a son.” Exalted is He! Rather, they are [but] honored servants. * They cannot precede Him in word, and they act by His command. * He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they cannot intercede except on behalf of one whom He approves. And they, from fear of Him, are apprehensive. * And whoever of them should say, “Indeed, I am a god besides Him”- that one We would recompense with Hell. Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-‘Anbyā’ (The Prophets): 26 – 29}.

Thus, they are alive and are capable by the ability of Allah and by what was placed by Allah within them from Abilities, and they work by the permission of Allah and by the Command of Allah, rather, Allah has commanded us that we take them as a means of access. {Those whom they call upon do desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord, – even those who are nearest: they hope for His Mercy and fear His Wrath: for the Wrath of thy Lord is something to take heed of.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-‘Isrā’ (The Night Journey): 57}.

Rather, we also ask of them that they may become our intercessors to Allah in order that He may forgive our sins {And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah . And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Intensely Merciful.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Nisaa’ (The Women): 64}.

As for the one who limits their [ability to] affect and their capabilities to their physical existence in this Worldly Life, thus, he is ignorant of the truth of the matter, and is not taking heed to [the fact] that they are alive with their Lord, and Allah uses them and they are workers with Allah and for them are tasks and works which they carry out Just as Jibra’el (Gabriel) (pbuh), the Angel, and the alive [one] with his Lord, has for him tasks and works which he carries out, with the permission of Allah.

So, it is incorrect to accuse the one whom believes that Muhammad (pbuh & his family) harms and benefits by the permission of Allah, after his death and after he moved to his Lord (because he is alive with his Lord) to be a Mushrik (polytheist), for Jibra’el (Gabriel) (pbuh), the Angel and the alive [one] with his Lord and he is a Spirit and not a physical body in this World, [has the ability to] harm and benefit and he worked and is working and will continue to carry out works by the permission of Allah”

Also the Imam a.s said in the same book
“Also: it clarifies inclusively that being described by the description of the Godhood which is restricted to being poor in regards to Him, the Glorious, the Almighty, includes special ones from His creation whom are sought in needs, meaning that they are turned towards. For they fulfill/sustain the needs by the Permission of Allah and create by the Permission of Allah and intercede by the Permission of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, {And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], ‘Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I create for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead – by permission of Allah . And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat ‘Āli `Imrān (Family of Imran): 49}.

{[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you created from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread): 110}.

And said the Almighty: {So blessed is Allah , the best of the creators.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mu’minūn (The Believers): 14}, meaning, that there exist creators other than Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, they create by His Strength and His Power and He is the Best of them, for He is Rich/Needless while they are poor/needy of Him, the Glorious”

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