What is the meaning of the throwing of Satan into the wish of the prophet?

Question 42: The Almighty said, {And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he wished, Satan threw into it . But Allah abrogates that which Satan throws in; then Allah makes His verses explicit. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. * so He may make what Satan throws a trial for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard of heart. And indeed, the unjust are in extreme dissension.} [Quran 22:52-53]. What is the meaning of the throwing of Satan into the wish of the prophet?

Strike with your staff the sea, and it parted

That Pharaohs’ belief came after the water enclosed him and he was drowning in it, however, before death over took him completely.
And this possibility – which Sarkhi imagined to be valid – is incorrect. For the people to say in this physical world means the utterance of words, and this cannot be achieved without a medium in which he utters through, which is the air. So with the occlusion of water the utterance of Pharaoh’s voice was made absent due to the closure of the pathway of air, thus it is not possible for him to say anything.
It should also be noted that the water surrounding Pharaoh was two mountains.

6 days of creation

“Say: Is it that ye disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two Days? And do ye join equals with Him? He is the Lord of (all) the Worlds. He made therein Rawasy (stabilizers) from above and bestowed blessings in it, and gave due measure therein the sustenance, in four Days, for those who question.
And then He established it until to the sky, and it had been (as) smoke: He said to it and to the earth: “Come ye together, willingly or unwillingly.” They said: “We do come (together), in willing obedience.”
“And so He completed them as seven skies in two Days, and He inspired to each sky its command. And We adorned the sky of the world with lamps, and protected it. Such is the Decree of (Him) the Exalted in Might, Full of Knowledge.” [Qu’ran Surat Fussilat (41):9-12]

Why was the period of creating the earth and its sustenance four days, while the creation of the skies was two days since the skies are greater?

How long did Noah live?

As the Homo sapiens human evolved from a lesser species through evolution, with each new generation improving until his brain reached the required volume and capacity, how are the long lives of the early prophets pbut like Noah explained? The Holy Quran says that he pbuh called his people for 950 years. Are those the years of this world? Also, we have narrations from them pbut that Noah pbuh lived for 2000-2500 years.
Moreover, the Bible says that early humans lived for a long time, meaning much longer than humans today.

Earth would fill with the knowledge of the Lord like water covers the sea

And what the text portrayed was not achieved in the time of Jesus pbuh, that the earth would fill with the knowledge of the Lord like water covers the sea, and this knowledge would have an impact that the rich would comfort the poor and that the strong would support the weak and that the earth would be almost free of injustice, etc.